05-21-2010, 09:47 AM #1Conflict between devices connected to the same router – Understanding IP addresses
I have been using computers for a while now and I just realized that I don’t know something as simple as IP addresses. I’m correctly connecting my Notebook, my iPhone and a PC laptop to the same routing (wirelessly) and a few times I have seen a message in my Notebook saying that another device is already using the same IP address, I’m assuming is my iPhone but to really find this out I would like to have a better understanding as to how IP addresses are assign to this devices when connected to a router, if I’m not mistaking each device should have its own unique IP address and if this is true how in the world these two devices are interfering with each other.
Can someone help me understand how IP addresses work? Something like…
1- What is an IP address?
2- How routers communicate to clients?
3- Does the router assigns unique IP address to all devices connected to it, or it uses the device's IP to communicate?
Can someone be so kind and explain this a little bit or direct me to where I can find these basics.
Thanks a lot.
05-21-2010, 01:53 PM #2
- Member Since
- Jan 23, 2008
- Fort Worth, Texas
- Late 2013 27" iMac, iPad 3, iPhone 6s+, iPhone 6+, 3 iPods, El Capitan
05-21-2010, 02:07 PM #3
05-21-2010, 11:58 PM #4
- Member Since
- Feb 26, 2010
- Rocky Mountain High, Colorado
- 1.8 GHz i7 MBA 11" OSX 10.8.2
That wikipedia article is a harsh place to start.
For your home it depends on your setup but if your devices and router are setup for dhcp (dynamic host configuration protocol) then it works like this
Your router can assign a range of class C ip addresses - usually 192.168.(something).(something)
Your client needs to be setup for dhcp - to request ip configuration from the router
Your router assigns the ip address to the client as requested
Generally speaking - if you only have 1 router and normal clients there shouldn't be IP conflict as the router keeps track of who got assigned what number.
Usually conflict happens when you assign an ipaddress manually on the device.
There is a lot more going on behind the scenes and if you want to get into it look up OSI layers, TCP/IP, DHCP, Wifi Handshake, WPA Handshake to start.
Anyway - you must figure out where the conflict is coming from before you can start debugging. Go look at all your devices and inspect the ip address it think it has.
If you are running a wireless router - if someone is poaching, one way to poach is to assign an ip address manually and spoof your MAC address.
05-22-2010, 07:46 AM #5
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